报告题目：The implications of chlorine-associated deposit formation and corrosion in municipal solid waste incinerators
Summary：There has been increasing incentive in recent years for disposal of wastes by incineration in the world. The waste materials are being considered as a supplementary energy source for existing fossil-fuel power generating stations and for industrial needs for process steam. However, the corrosion of water wall and super heater tubes ascribed to a combination of relatively high chlorine levels, high temperatures in the flue gas, and deposit formation on heat transfer surfaces has been a major problem in utilizing these materials as a source of heat energy. Design and operation aspects play an important role. The corrosion mechanisms include deposit build up, evaporation of metal chlorides, and melting of salt deposits. For Fe base alloys the formation of volatile iron chlorides, instead of protective oxide, is the main driving force, Ni base alloys being more resistant. This keynote presentation describes our current studies on the corrosion of evaporator and super heater tubes in field waste-fired incinerators, protective surface treatment via several kinds of cost-effective thermal spraying alternate materials as corrosion resistance and the condensation of Pb and Zn vapors in flue gas cooling section.
报告人简介：Professor Yoshihiko Ninomiya obtained his Doctor of Engineering in coal combustion and gasification, and ash utilization fields at Nagoya University in 1988. He is a professor of Department of Applied Chemistry at Chubu University in Japan with over 30 years’ experience. His recent research topics are 1) Formation mechanism of PM1, PM2.5 and PM10 in combustion of coal with wood biomass, 2) Investigation of additives on reduction of clinker in biomass gasification reactor, 3) Utilization of fly ash and bottom ash from pf and CFBC boilers: Utilization of geopolymer concrete, and 4) Steam reforming of C3H8and CH4to produce hydrogen for advanced hydrogen automobile.